Tips for SearchingAt its simplest, a query can be just a word or a phrase. But with the tips on
this page, you can expand the focus of your query to give you more thorough results. These
tips will get you started with basic query language and acquaint you with the full power
of Microsoft Index Server.
Text Query Tips
- Use Free Text Queries if you
want to enter queries using natural language. Index Server will examine your query,
extract nouns and noun phrases and construct a query for you. With free text queries you
can enter any text you want, from a proper question to a string of words and phrases,
without worrying about the query language. For example, if you type in the following
query: "What off-line promotion should I do for my web site?" Index Server will
create a query for you automatically and begin the search. Note that when you're using
free text queries, the regular query language features are disabled and keywords such as AND,
OR, and NEAR are interpreted as normal words.
Standard Query Tips
- Search with the keyword NEAR,
rather than AND, for words close to each other. For example, both of these
queries, system and manager and system near manager, look for the words system
and manager on the same page. But with NEAR, the returned pages are ranked
in order of proximity: The closer together the words are, the higher the rank of that
- Refine your queries with the AND
NOT keywords to exclude certain text from your search. For example, if you want to
find all instances of surfing but not the Net, write the following
query: surfing AND NOT the Net
- Add the OR keyword to
find all instances of either one word or another, for example: Abbott OR Costello This
query finds all pages that mention Abbott or Costello or both.
- Look for words with the same
prefix. For example, in your query form type key* to find key, keying,
keyhole, keyboard, and so on.
- Search for all forms of a word.
For example, in the form type sink** to find sink, sinking, sank,
- Put quotation marks
around keywords if you want Index Server to take them literally. For instance, if you type
the following query: "system near manager" Index Server will literally look for
the complete phrase system near manager. But if you type the same query without
the quotation marks: system near manager, Index Server searches all documents for the
words system and manager. To search for a word or phrase
containing quotation marks, enclose the entire phrase in quotation marks and then double
the quotation marks around the word or words you want to surround with quotes. For
example, World-Wide Web or Web searches for World-Wide
Web or Web.
- You can search for any word
except for those in the exception list (for English, this includes a, an, and, as, and
other common words), which are ignored during a search. Also, Punctuation
marks such as the period (.), colon (:), semicolon (;), and comma (,) are ignored during a
search. To use specially treated characters such as &, |, ^, #, @, $, (,
), in a query, enclose your query in quotation marks ().